Japanese practice for estimating the expected maximum earthquake force at a nuclear power plant site

  • Syun'itiro Omote Kyushu Sangyo Univ., Higashi-ku Fukuoka City, Japan
  • Yorihiko Ohsaki University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
  • Toshihiro Kakimi Geological Survey of Japan, Tsukuba, Japan
  • Tokihoko Matsuda University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan

Abstract

Nuclear power plants built in seismic zones should be designed and constructed in such a way that they produce no radiation hazard in the event of a severe earthquake. In order to find a reasonable solution to this problem the first step that needs to be taken is to make an estimation of the maximum earthquake force to be expected at the site. This paper gives the basic Japanese views on this problem. Levels of the strongest design earthquake S1 and extreme design earthquake S2 are explained and methods for deriving S1 and S2 earthquakes from active faults are also described.

References

Usami, T., Summary of the Damaging Earthquakes of Japan (in Japanese) Tokyo University Press, 1975.

The Central Meteorological Observatory, The Catalogue of Major Earthquakes which occurred in Japan (1885-1950). The Seis. Bull. Central Meteor. Obs. Japan 1952, pp 99-184.

Japan Meteorological Agency, Catalogue of Major Earthquakes which occurred in and near Japan (1926-1956). Seis. Bull. JMA supp., Vol. No. 1 (1958), pp. 1-91.

Kawasumi, H., Measures of Earthquake Danger and Expectancy of Maximum Intensity Throughout Japan as Inferred from the Seismic Activity in Historical Time. Bull. Earthq. Res. Inst., Vol. 29 (1951), pp. 469-482.

Kanai, K. et al, Expectancy of the Maximum Velocity Amplitude of Earthquake Motions at Bed Rock. Bull. Earthq. Res. Inst., Vol. 46 (1968), pp. 663-666.

Matsuda, T.., Estimation of Future Destructive Earthquakes from Active Faults on Land in Japan. Journal Phys. Earth., Vol. 25 Supplement 1977, pp. 251-260.

Matsuda, T., A. Okada, and K. Huzita, Distribution map and catalogue of active faults in Japan, Mem. Geol. Sec. Japan. 12, 1976. pp.185-198.

Matsuda, T., Magnitude and Recurrence Interval of Earthquakes from a Fault (in Japanese). Zisin, Journal Seism. Soc. Japan Vol. 28 No. 3 (1975), pp. 269-283.

Okada, A., On the Quaternary faulting along the Median Tectonic Line, in Median Tectonic Line, pp. 49-86, Tokai Univ. Press, Tokyo, 1973.

Sugimura, A. and T. Matsuda, Atera fault and its displacement vectors, Geol. Sec. Am. Bull., 76, 1965 pp. 509-522.

Yamazaki, H., Taxhikawa fault on the Musashino Upland and its late Quaternary movement, Quaternary Res. (Daiyonki-Kenkyu), 1977 (in press).

Otsuki, K., T. Nakata, and T. Imaizumi, Quaternary crustal movements and block model in the southern region of the northeast Japan, Earth Sci. (Chikyu Kagaku), 31, 1977 pp.1-14.

Machida, H. and A. Moriyama, The Development of Mt Fuji and Mt Hakone volcanoes analysed from the Tephrochronological study in the Ooiso Hills, Geogr. Tev. Japan, 41, 1968 pp. 241-257.

Machida, H., Y. Matsushima, and I. Imanaga, Tephrochronological Study on eastern foot of Mt Fuji Volcano - with special reference to geomorphological development accompanied with growth of Mt Fuji and displacement of the Kannawa fault, Quaternary Res. (Daiyonki-Kenkyu), 14, 1975 pp. 77-89.

Kanai, K., Observation of Strong Earthquake Motions in Matsushiro Area. Part 1 (Empirical Formulae of Strong Earthquake Motions). Bull. Earthq. Res. Inst., Vol. 44 (1966), pp. 1269-1296.

Hisaka, T., Y. Ohsaki, M. Watabe and T. Ohta, Design Spectra for Stiff Structures on Rock. Proc 2nd Intern. Conf. Microzonation, 1978, San Francisco, Calf. USA.

Published
1980-03-31
How to Cite
Omote, S., Ohsaki, Y., Kakimi, T., & Matsuda, T. (1980). Japanese practice for estimating the expected maximum earthquake force at a nuclear power plant site. Bulletin of the New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering, 13(1), 37-48. https://doi.org/10.5459/bnzsee.13.1.37-48
Section
Articles