Dynamic behaviour of a subsurface tubular structure

  • Eiichi Kuribayashi Ministry of Construction, Tokyo, Japan
  • Toshio Iwasaki Ministry of Construction, Tokyo, Japan
  • Kazuhiko Kawashima Ministry of Construction, Tokyo, Japan


During the last eighty years of submerged tunnel construction in
the civil engineering field, the problem of aseismic design has been discussed. In this paper a new aseismic design criterion, seismic deformation analysis, is proposed based on wave propagation principles avoiding force method principles of design: so-called seismic coefficient method.

Ground subsurface properties such as density, elastic moduli and thickness effect the natural period of the subground, and response dis- placements of the subsurface at specific sites are obtained by the input accelerations of the base rock and damping characteristics.

Deformations and working stresses of the tunnel structural systems
are obtained by the tunnel being assumed as an embedded beam or rod supported elastically by the ground and sweeping over the system values of the wave length such as provide maximum stresses at each point of the tunnel structure.

Interpretation of effects on the deformations and stresses caused by geological and geodetic variation of the site and boundary conditions of the structural systems is also discussed.

An example of application to a proposed submerged tunnel across Tokyo Bay is briefly reported.


Arsons Brickerhoff-Tuder-Bechtel: Trans-Bay Tube-Technical Supplement to the Engineering Report, July 1969.

Aoki, Y.: Seismic Design Spectra for Trench Type Tunnel, Proc. JSCE, No. 211, March, 1973, pp.77-87.

Kuesel, T. R.: Earthquake Design Criterion for Subways, Proc. ASCE, Vol. 95, No. ST6, July, 1969, pp.1213- 1231.

Kuribayashi, E., et al: Effects of Seismic and Subsoil Conditions on Earthquake Response Spectra, 5th WCEE, Dec., 1972.

Okamoto, S. and Tamura.: Behaviour of Subaqueous Tunnels during Earthquakes, Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, Vol. 1, 1973, pp.253-266.

Okamoto, S.: Introduction to Earthquake Engineering, University of Tokyo Press, 1973, p.98.

Seed, H. B. and Idriss, I. M.: Soil Moduli and Damping Factors for Dynamic Response Analysis, Report No. EERC 70-10, University of California, Berkeley.

How to Cite
Kuribayashi, E., Iwasaki, T., & Kawashima, K. (1974). Dynamic behaviour of a subsurface tubular structure. Bulletin of the New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering, 7(4), 200-209. https://doi.org/10.5459/bnzsee.7.4.200-209