Recycling of damaged RC frames: Replacing crumbled concrete and installing steel haunches below/above the beam at connections


  • Naveed Ahmad UET Peshawar
  • Arifullah UET Peshawar
  • Babar Ilyas UET Peshawar
  • Sida Hussain UET Peshawar



Experimental and numerical studies are presented evaluating the efficacy of a recycling technique applied to a 1:3 reduced scale damaged RC frame. The crumbled concrete at the beam-column connections was replaced with new high-strength concrete. Epoxy mortar was applied at the interface to secure bonding between the old and new concrete. Additionally, the connections were provisioned with steel haunches, applied below and above the beams. The retrofitted frame was tested under quasi-static cyclic loads. The lateral resistance-displacement hysteretic response of the tested frame was obtained to quantify hysteretic damping, derive the lateral resistance-displacement capacity curve, and develop performance levels. The technique improved the response of the frame; exhibiting an increase in the lateral stiffness, resistance and post-yield stiffness of the frame in comparison to the undamaged original frame. This good behaviour is attributed to the steel haunches installed at connections. A representative numerical model was calibrated in the finite element program SeismoStruct. A set of spectrum compatible ground motions were input to the numerical model for response history analysis. The story drift demands were computed for both the design basis and maximum considered earthquakes. Moreover, the technique was extended to a five-story frame, which was evaluated through nonlinear static pushover and response history analyses. Overstrength factor WR = 4.0 is proposed to facilitate analysis and preliminary design of steel haunches and anchors for retrofitting the low-/mid-rise RC frames.


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How to Cite

Ahmad, N., Arifullah, Ilyas, B., & Hussain, S. (2021). Recycling of damaged RC frames: Replacing crumbled concrete and installing steel haunches below/above the beam at connections. Bulletin of the New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering, 54(4), 282–298.