Infrastructure planning emergency levels of service for the Wellington region, Aotearoa New Zealand – An operationalised framework

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5459/bnzsee.1628

Abstract

‘Planning Emergency Levels of Service’ (PELOS) are goals for the delivery of infrastructure services following a major hazard event, such as an earthquake or flood. This paper presents an operationalised PELOS framework for the Wellington region based on interviews with emergency and critical infrastructure managers and discusses important changes from the preliminary to the operationalised framework. A shared understanding of these PELOS will help Wellington region infrastructure providers, emergency management professionals and the potentially impacted communities plan for major events. PELOS for the energy, telecommunications, transport, and water sectors have been developed, and high-level interdependencies considered. The PELOS framework can be updated for other regions, by the critical infrastructure entities and emergency managers, using locally relevant hazard scenarios. In turn, this approach can inform the end-users (communities) of the goals of the critical infrastructure providers following a major hazard event.

References

Wellington Lifelines Group (2012). "Lifeline utilities restoration times for metropolitan Wellington following a Wellington Fault earthquake”. Report to the Wellington CDEM Group Joint Committee from the Wellington Lifelines Group, Wellington, NZ. https://wremo.nz/assets/Publications/Lifeline-Utilities-Restoration-Times.pdf

Wellington Lifelines Group (2019). "Wellington lifelines project: Protecting Wellington's economy through accelerated infrastructure investment: Programme business case". Wellington Lifelines Group, Wellington, NZ. https://wremo.nz/assets/Uploads/Wellington-Lifelines-PBC-MAIN-Combined-20191009.pdf

Wellington Region Emergency Management Office (2019). "Group Plan 2019-2024". Wellington Region Emergency Management Office, Wellington, NZ. https://wremo.nz/assets/Publications/Group-Plan-2019-2024.pdf

United Nations Economic and Social Council (1999). The Right to Adequate Food (E/C.12/1999/5). New York, USA.

United Nations General Assembly (2010). The Human Right to Water and Sanitation (64/292). New York, USA.

United Nations General Assembly (1948). Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Paris, France.

Sphere Association (2018). The Sphere Handbook: Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Humanitarian Response, 4th Ed. Geneva, Switzerland. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3362/9781908176707

Mowll R et al. (2022). "Infrastructure planning emergency levels of service for the Wellington region, Aotearoa New Zealand - a preliminary framework". International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 72: 2-16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2022.102843 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2022.102843

World Health Organization (2003). Domestic Water Quantity, Service Level and Health. Geneva, Switzerland.

NEMA (2016). Lifeline Utilities and CDEM: Director's Guideline for Lifeline Utilities and Civil Defence Emergency Management Groups [DGL 16/14]. National Emergency Management Agency, Wellington, NZ.

Civil Defence Emergency Management Act No 33. http://www.legislation.govt.nz/act/public/2002/0033/51.0/DLM149789.html

Emergency Management Bill 2023. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5055/jem.0788

McNiff J (2013). Action Research: Principles and Practice, 3rd Ed. Abingdon, UK: Routledge. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203112755

New Zealand Government (2020). Government Policy Statement on Land Transport. Wellington, NZ.

Wellington Water (2018). Three Waters Strategy. Wellington Water, Petone, NZ. https://www.wellingtonwater.co.nz/dmsdocument/394

Wellington Lifelines Group (2013). "Restoring Wellington’s transport links after a major earthquake". Wellington, NZ. http://www.gw.govt.nz/assets/Emergencies--Hazards/Lifelines/13-03-23-Transport-Access-full-project-report-FINAL-corrected.pdf

NEMA (2018). Wellington Earthquake National Initial Response Plan. National Emergency Management Agency, Wellington, NZ.

Wellington Water. "Get your water storage sorted now". https://getprepared.nz/assets/Get-Prepared-website/Households/Water-storage-infographic.pdf

Wellington Region Emergency Management Office. "Store water". https://getprepared.nz/personal-preparedness/store-water/

Wellington Region Emergency Management Office. "Your earthquake planning guide". https://wremo.nz/assets/Publications/Earthquake-Planning-Guide.pdf

Wellington Region Emergency Management Office. "Watertanks". https://www.getprepared.nz/households/store-emergency-water/watertanks-2/

Waka Kotahi New Zealand Transport Agency. "One network road classification (ONRC)". https://www.nzta.govt.nz/roads-and-rail/road-efficiency-group/projects/onrc

Waka Kotahi New Zealand Transport Agency. "One network road classification (mapping)". https://nzta.maps.arcgis.com/apps/webappviewer/index.html?id=95fad5204ad243c39d84c37701f614b0

Herriges D (2019). 7 Rules for Creating "15-minute Neighborhoods". https://www.strongtowns.org/journal/2019/9/6/7-rules-for-creating-15-minute-neighborhoods

New Zealand Lifelines Council (2017). New Zealand Lifelines Infrastructure Vulnerability Assessment: Stage 1. Wellington, NZ.

Wellington Region Emergency Management Office. "Community emergency hubs". https://www.wremo.nz/about-us/initiatives/hubs/

Mowll R et al. (2022). "Creating a post-earthquake emergency sanitation plan for the Wellington region, Aotearoa New Zealand". Australian Journal of Emergency Management, July 2022. https://knowledge.aidr.org.au/resources/ajem-july-2022-creating-a-post-earthquake-emergency-sanitation-plan-for-the-wellington-region-aotearoa-new-zealand/

Ministry of Civil Defence & Emergency Management (2016). Lifeline Utilities and CDEM: Director's Guideline for Lifeline Utilities and Civil Defence Emergency Managagement Groups [DGL16/14]. Wellington, NZ.

Wellington Region Emergency Management Office. Tsunami Evacuation Zone Maps. https://www.wremo.nz/hazards/tsunami-zones/

New Zealand Lifelines Council (2020). National Vulnerability Assessment. Wellington, NZ. http://www.nzlifelines.org.nz/site/assets/files/1019/nzlc_nva_2020_full_report.pdf

Moore B, Jacques D and Schuldt S (2021). “Leveraging network interdependences to overcome inaccessible civil infrastructure data”. 2021 Winter Simulation Conference (WSC), Phoenix, AZ, USA, pp. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1109/WSC52266.2021.9715513 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/WSC52266.2021.9715513

Oster MR et al. (2021). “A tri-level optimization model for interdependent infrastructure network resilience against compound hazard events”. IEEE Conference on Technologies for Homeland Security, pp. 1-3. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/HST53381.2021.9619824

National Emergency Management Agency (2020). “National fuel plan: Planning and response arrangements for fuel supply distributions and emergencies. Supporting plan [SP04/20]”. Wellington, NZ.

Downloads

Published

09-12-2023

How to Cite

Mowll, R., Becker, J., Wotherspoon, L., Stewart, C., Johnston, D., & Neely, D. (2023). Infrastructure planning emergency levels of service for the Wellington region, Aotearoa New Zealand – An operationalised framework. Bulletin of the New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering, 56(4), 234–249. https://doi.org/10.5459/bnzsee.1628

Issue

Section

Articles

Categories