Material properties of existing unreinforced clay brick masonry buildings in New Zealand

  • Nasser Almesfer EQ Struc Ltd, Auckland, NZ
  • Dmytro Y. Dizhur University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand
  • Ronald Lumantarna Reids Construction Systems Ltd, Christchurch, NZ
  • Jason M. Ingham University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand


The material properties of New Zealand’s heritage clay brick unreinforced masonry (URM) buildings were investigated and are reported herein. Material data was collected from a total of 98 New Zealand clay brick URM buildings and a database was compiled that was comprised of various masonry material properties. The intention behind the reporting of information and data presented herein was to provide indicative values to the professional engineering community to aid as preliminary input when undertaking detailed building assessments for cases where in-situ testing and brick and mortar sample extraction are not feasible. The data presented is also used to support the relationships for URM material properties that have been recommended by the authors for incorporation into the next version of the NZSEE seismic assessment guidelines for URM buildings. Although researchers from Europe, USA, India and Australia have previously studied the material properties of clay brick unreinforced masonry, knowledge on New Zealand URM material properties was poor at the time the study commenced. Therefore, a research programme was undertaken that was focused on both in-situ testing and laboratory testing of samples extracted from existing New Zealand clay brick URM buildings.


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How to Cite
Almesfer, N., Dizhur, D. Y., Lumantarna, R., & Ingham, J. M. (2014). Material properties of existing unreinforced clay brick masonry buildings in New Zealand. Bulletin of the New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering, 47(2), 75-96.

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