Lessons learnt from 2011 Christchurch earthquakes
Analysis and assessment of bridges
On 22 February 2011 the Mw6.2 Christchurch earthquake occurred with an epicentre less than 10 km from the Christchurch Central Business District (CBD) on an unknown buried fault at the edge of the city. The majority of damage was a result of lateral spreading along the Avon and Heathcote Rivers, with few bridges damaged due to ground shaking only. The most significant damage was to bridges along the Avon River, coinciding with the areas of the most severe liquefaction, with less severe liquefaction damage developing along the Heathcote River. Most affected were bridge approaches, abutments and piers, with a range of damage levels identified across the bridge stock. In the days following the earthquake, teams from various organizations performed inspections on over 800 bridges throughout the affected Canterbury region. This paper details the preliminary findings based on visual inspections and some preliminary analyses of highway and road bridges. The paper comprises information supplied by consulting engineering firms which were also directly involved in the inspections soon after the earthquake.
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Copyright (c) 2011 Alessandro Palermo, Liam Wotherspoon, John Wood, Howard Chapman, Allan Scott, Lucas Hogan, Anton Kivell, Elena Camnasio, Mark Yashinsky, Michel Bruneau, Nawawi Chouw
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.