A report on the Relief Organisation in Hastings arising out of the [Magnitude 7.8] earthquake in Hawke's Bay [New Zealand] on February 3, 1931

  • Edwin F. Scott Christchurch Drainage Board, Christchurch, New Zealand
  • D. J. Dowrick GNS Science, Lower Hutt, New Zealand

Abstract

At the time of the 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake, 33 years old Edwin (Ted) Scott was employed as a civil engineer by the Christchurch Drainage Board. He was also a member of the Christchurch metropolitan emergency committee. In those two capacities he was sent to observe and report on the restoration of services in Hastings, where his father happened to be the municipal Electrical Engineer. He completed this report back in Christchurch, dated 24 April 1931. He later became Chief Engineer of the Christchurch Drainage Board.

The report is very well written giving detailed information on the immediate emergency response period in one of the worst affected towns, Hastings, where the intensity was Modified Mercalli X. This report is complementary to the overview paper on damage and intensities in the Hawke's Bay earthquake by Dowrick [1]. Scott's report contains much that is of value in planning response to future Civil Defence emergencies in New Zealand and elsewhere.

The report discusses the scale of the emergency in Hastings, the setting up of committees, dealing with the dead and injured, the roles of the Police, essential services (including lifelines), food supplies, and the work of the Citizens' Committee which steered and co-ordinated all of the emergency work on behalf of the community.

Apart from omitting the detail of some forms and certificates developed in the emergency. Scott's report is reproduced here in full. The few editorial additions and amendments, made for clarity, are given in square brackets.

References

Dowrick, D. J. (1998) Damage and intensities in the magnitude 7.8 1931 Hawke's Bay, New Zealand, earthquake, Bulletin New Zealand National Society for Earthquake Engineering, 30(2), 133-158.

Published
1999-12-31
How to Cite
Scott, E. F., & Dowrick, D. J. (1999). A report on the Relief Organisation in Hastings arising out of the [Magnitude 7.8] earthquake in Hawke’s Bay [New Zealand] on February 3, 1931 . Bulletin of the New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering, 32(4), 246-256. https://doi.org/10.5459/bnzsee.32.4.246-256
Section
Articles

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