Brief comments on elastic flexibility of reinforced concrete frames and significance to seismic design
It is shown, from analysis of typical reinforced concrete beam sections, that current design practice, which assumes beam stiffness is independent of reinforcement ratio but equal to a constant fraction of gross section stiffness is inappropriate. The analyses indicate that effective beam yield curvature can be considered constant, when non-dimensionalized by beam depth and yield strain, indicating that beam stiffness is proportional to strength. Based on this observation, a simple expression for yield drift of frames is proposed and is calibrated by comparing with results of a large number of beam/column subassemblage experiments. Good agreement is obtained. It is pointed out that current estimates of frame stiffness are generally too high. A consequence is that simple calculations show that the vast majority of frame buildings will be unable to achieve code design ductility levels before exceeding code drift limitations.
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Copyright (c) 1998 M. J. N. Priestley
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