The dynamic properties of a pumiceous sand
The seismic site response analysis of sand deposits requires an understanding of the dynamic properties of the soils involved. Most dynamic soil data available in the literature has been derived for sands which do not contain pumice. Consequently, the relevance of this data to the behaviour of pumice sands is unclear. An extensive experimental investigation of the dynamic response of a pumice sand was therefore undertaken. The liquefaction response obtained from cyclic triaxial tests, and the shear modulus variation with strain amplitude observed in bender element and dynamic torsion tests were examined. The cyclic triaxial test results indicated that the liquefaction response was similar to that observed for quartz sands. However, the low strain shear modulus of the pumice sand was found to be significantly less than that of quartz sands at similar relative densities, and the nonlinear stress-strain behaviour was markedly different from that of other sands, particularly in the mid strain range.
Benuska, L. (ed.) (1990), Loma Prieta Earthquake Reconnaissance Report, Earthquake Spectra, Supplement to Vol. 6.
Cassaro, M.A. and Romero, E.M. (ed.) (1986), The Mexico Earthquake-1985, Proceedings of the International Conference, Mexico, ASCE, ISBN 0-87262-579-6.
Chan, S.Y. (1990), Measurement of Dynamic Properties of Some Volcanic Ash Soils, M.E. Thesis, University of Auckland, New Zealand.
De Alba, P., Seed, H.B. and Chan, C.K. (1976), Sand Liquefaction in Large Scale Simple Shear Tests, Journal of the Geotechnical Division, ASCE, 102, 909-927.
Holzer, T.L. (1994), Loma Prieta Damage Largely Attributed to Enhanced Ground Shaking, EDS, 75(26), 299-301. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1029/94EO00964
Larkin, T.J. and Donovan, N.C. (1979), Sensitivity of Computed Nonlinear Effective Stress Soil Response to Shear Modulus Relationships, Proceedings of the Second US. National Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Stanford, 573-582.
Larkin, T.J. and Marks, S. (1994), The Seismic Analysis of Sandy Sites, Bulletin of the NZNSEE, 27(2), 114-123. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5459/bnzsee.27.2.114-123
Larkin, T.J., Pranjoto, S., Wesley, L.D. and Pender, M.J. (1997), Engineering Properties of a New Zealand Pumice Sand, in review, Geotechnique.
Marks, S. and Larkin, T.J. (1996), The Seismic Response o f Volcanic Sites, Report Ref. No. 4771.00, Auckland Uniservices Limited.
Marks, S., Pender, M.J. and Larkin, T.J. (1995), The Liquefaction Response of Stratified Sand Deposits, Proceedings of the Pacific Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Melbourne.
Meyer, V.M., Marks, S., Larkin, T.J., Duske, G.C., Wesley, L.D. and Pender, M. J. (1997), Dynamic Properties of a Pumice Sand, Technical Conference of the NZNSEE, Wairakei, 205-212.
Norton, J.A. et al (1994), Northridge Earthquake Reconnaissance Report, Bulletin of the NZNSEE, 27(4), 235-344. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5459/bnzsee.27.4.235-344
O'Halloran, M. (1986), The Earthquake Stability of Earth Structures, PhD Thesis, University of Auckland, New Zealand.
Padillar, E. (1995), The Effect of the Produced Vibrations by the Urban Electric Train on the Fillings of Pumiceous Soils, Proceedings: Third International Conference on Recent Advances in Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering and Soil Dynamics, St. Louis, Missouri, 733-736.
Park, R. et al (1995), The Hyogo-ken Nanbu Earthquake of 17 January 1995, Bulletin of the NZNSEE, 28(1), 1-99. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5459/bnzsee.28.1.1-98
Parton, J.M. (1972), Site Response to Earthquakes with Reference to the Application of Microtremor Measurements, Report No. 80, University of Auckland, New Zealand.
Pender, M.J., Duske, G.C. and Peploe, R.J. (1992), Cyclic Undrained Stiffness of a Stiff Clay and a Volcanic Ash, Proceedings of the 6th Australia New Zealand Conference on Geomechanics, Christchurch, New Zealand.
Pender, M.J. and Robertson, T.W. (1987), Edgecumbe Earthquake: Reconnaissance Report, Earthquake Spectra, 3(4), 659-746. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1193/1.1585452
Robertson, P.K. and Campanella, M. (1985), Liquefaction Potential of Sands using the CPT, Journal of the Geotechnical Division, ASCE, 111, 384-403. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9410(1985)111:3(384)
Seed, H.B. (1979), Soil Liquefaction and Cyclic Mobility Evaluation for Level Ground During Earthquakes, Journal of the Geotechnical Division, ASCE, 105, 201-255.
Seed, H.B. and Idriss, I.M. (1971), Simplified Procedures for Evaluating Soil Liquefaction Potential, Journal of Soil Mechanics and Foundations Division, ASCE, 97, 1249-1273.
Seed, H.B., Idriss, I.M., Makdisi, F. and Benerjee, N. (1975), Representation of Irregular Stress Time Histories by Equivalent Uniform Stress Series in Liquefaction Analyses, Report No. EERC 75-29, University of California, Berkeley.
Seed, H.B., Martin, P.P. and Lysmer, J. (1975), The Generation and Dissipation of Pore Water Pressures During Soil Liquefaction, EERC, University of California, Berkeley.
Seed, H.B., Wong, R.T., Idriss, I.M. and Tokimatsu, K. (1984), Moduli and Damping Factors for Dynamic Analyses of Cohesionless Soils, Report No. EERC 84-15, University of California, Berkeley.
Sun, J.I., Golesorkhi, R. and Seed, H.B. (1988), Dynamic Moduli and Damping Ratios for Cohesive Soils, Report No. EERC 88-15, University of California, Berkeley.
Thrall F.G. (1981), Geotechnical Significance of Poorly Crystaline Soils Derived from Volcanic Ash, PhD Thesis, Oregon State University, Oregon, USA.
Tsuchida, H. and Hayashi, S. (1971), Estimation of Liquefaction Potential of Sandy Soil, Proc. 3rd Meeting, U.S. Japan Panel on Wind and Seismic Effects, Tokyo.
Wesley, L.D., Meyer, V.M. and Pender, M.J. (1998), Influence of Particle Strength on Cone Penetrometer . Tests in Pumice Sand, Geotechnique (in preparation).
Copyright (c) 1998 S. Marks, T. J. Larkin, M. J. Pender
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.