Hysteretic modelling of moment-resisting nailed timber joints

  • B. T. Kivell Beca Carter Hollings & Ferner Ltd., Auckland, New Zealand
  • P. J. Moss University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
  • A. J. Carr University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand


While nailed timber joints have been used for many years, attention
is now being focussed on producing nailed joints that have a significant moment resistance. Such joints can be made using steel sideplates and
the increased moment resistance over more traditional nailing could be utilised to resist seismic loads. Like steel and concrete members used
to resist seismic loads, the timber members and joints need to be modelled sufficiently accurately in order that computer models of the structures
will provide adequate predictions of the overall seismic behaviour. This paper discusses hysteretic models and proposes a model for nailed timber joints (based on the modified Takeda model previously used for concrete models) that incorporates the pinching effect that is observed in tests
on moment-resisting nailed timber joints. The behaviour of two simple portal frames under the El Centro 1940 earthquake record is discussed. Values for the model parameters were obtained from tests reported elsewhere.


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Kivell, B.T., Moss, P.J. and Carr, A.J., "The Cyclic Load Behaviour of Two Moment Resisting Nailed Timber Portal Frames", submitted to N.Z. Institution of Engineers for possible publication.

How to Cite
Kivell, B. T., Moss, P. J., & Carr, A. J. (1981). Hysteretic modelling of moment-resisting nailed timber joints. Bulletin of the New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering, 14(4), 233-243. https://doi.org/10.5459/bnzsee.14.4.233-243

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