A detailed inventory of medium to high-rise buildings in Wellington's central business district
Recent earthquakes in New Zealand not only highlighted the vulnerabilities of the existing building stock but also the need for: (i) a better understanding of the building inventory, and (ii) easy access to information for quicker response after an event. In the case of Wellington, efforts over the years by the City Council and other stakeholders have produced a number of useful datasets about the building inventory. These available datasets when put together are critical in understanding the composition and characteristics of the building inventory in Wellington. This paper describes the available information, and the process to combine the different strands of data possessed by multiple stakeholders into an effective and usable multi-disciplinary building inventory database for Wellington’s CBD. The uses and future directions for this collated database are also discussed.
Bradley B, Wotherspoon L and Kaiser A (2017). “Ground motion and site effect observations in the Wellington region from the 2016 Mw7.8 Kaikoura, New Zealand earthquake”. Bulletin of the New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering, 50(2): 94-105. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5459/bnzsee.50.2.94-105
Harris C (2016). “'Musical chairs' as quake closes 11 percent of Wellington CBD space”. Retrieved from https://www.stuff.co.nz/business/property/87287789/musical-chairs-as-quake-closes-11-per-cent-of-wellington-cbd-space
Rutherford H (2017). “The public safety threat hanging over Wellington, a year after the November 14 earthquake”. Stuff. Retrieved from https://www.stuff.co.nz/national/98733780/a-year-on-buildings-remain-empty-and-the-public-could-be-at-risk
Kestrel Group (2017). “Wellington City Council Targeted Assessment Programme Following the Kaikoura Earthquake of 14 November 2016”. Technical Report, Kestrel Group, Wellington, New Zealand, 58 pp.
MBIE (2017). “Investigation into the Performance of Statistics House in the 14 November 2016 Kaikōura Earthquake”. Report prepared by the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment (MBIE), Wellington, NZ.
CERC (2012). “Final Report Volume 6: Canterbury Television Building (CTV)”. Report prepared by the Canterbury Earthquakes Royal Commission (CERC), NZ.
Wellington City Council (2015). “Central City Population Growth”. Wellington City Council (WCC). Retrieved from https://wellington.govt.nz/your-council/plans-policies-and-bylaws/urban-development/managing-growth/central-city-population-growth
Kobus M and Goble S (2015). “Earthquake strengthening can be a tool for regeneration”. Planning Quarterly, 197.
Riddell R, Wood SL and de la Llera J (1987). “The 1985 Chile Earthquake; Structural Characteristics and Damage Statistics for the Building Inventory in Viña del Mar”. Civil Engineering Studies, Structural Research Series No. 534, University of Illinois, Urbana, August 1987, 265 pp
Anagnos T, Comerio MC, Goulet CA, May PJ, Greene M, McCormick DL and Bonowitz D (2012). “Developing regional building inventories: Lessons from the field”. Earthquake Spectra, 28: 1305–1329 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1193/1.4000087
Sim C, Song C, Skok N, Irfanoglu A, Pujol S and Sozen M (2015). "Database of low-rise reinforced concrete buildings with earthquake damage”. Retrieved from http://datacenterhub.org/resources/123
Yathon J, Adebar P and Elwood J (2017). “A Detailed Inventory of Non-Ductile Concrete Shear Wall Buildings”. Earthquake Spectra, 33(2): 605-622. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1193/042216EQS065M
Russell AP and Ingham JM (2010). “Prevalance of New Zealand’s Unreinforced Masonry Buildings”. Bulletin of the New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering, 43(3): 182-201. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5459/bnzsee.43.3.182-201
Reed P, Schoonees K and Salmond J (2008). “Historic Concrete Structures in New Zealand: Overview, maintenance and management”. Report published by Science and Technical Publishing. Department of Conservation, Wellington, NZ, 92 pp.
Blaikie E and Spurr D (1990). “Earthquake Risk Associated with 1935-1975 Reinforced Concrete Buildings in New Zealand”. Earthquake and War Damage Commission. Wellington.
Brunsdon D, Hare J and Elwood K (2017). “Engineering assessment processes for Wellington buildings following the November 2016 Kaikoura earthquakes”. Bulletin of the New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering, 50(2): 338-342. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5459/bnzsee.50.2.338-342
Matthews J (2004) “Hollow-core Floor Slab Performance Following a Severe Earthquake” Ph.D. thesis, Dept. of Civil Engineering, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand.
Lindsay R (2004). “Experiments on the Seismic Performance of Hollow-Core Floor Systems in Precast Concrete Buildings”. ME Thesis, Dept. of Civil Engineering, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand.
MacPherson C (2005). “Seismic Performance and Forensic Analysis of Precast Concrete Hollow-Core Floor Superassemblage”. ME Thesis, Dept. of Civil Engineering, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand.
Jensen J (2006). “The Seismic Behaviour of Existing Hollowcore Seating Connections pre and post Retrofit”. ME Thesis, Dept. of Civil Engineering, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand.
Fenwick R, Bull D and Gardiner D (2010). "Assessment of Hollow-core Floors for Seismic Performance". Report 2010-02, Department of Civil and Natural Resources Engineering, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, NZ.
NZS (2006). "NZS3101: Concrete Structures Standard". Standards New Zealand, Wellington, NZ.
Isaacs N (2011). “Steel framing in New Zealand”. Article published by BRANZ in Build, 121: 90-91.
Bruneau M and McRae G (2017). “Reconstructing Christchurch: A Seismic Shift in Building Structural Systems”. Report published by The Quake Centre, University of Canterbury, NZ, 170 pp.
NZ Guideline (2018). “Part C5: Technical Proposal to Revise the Engineering Assessment Guidelines”. Retrieved from: http://www.eq-assess.org.nz/dsa-non-epb/
Beca (2011). “Investigation into the Collapse of the Pyne Gould Corporation Building on 22nd February 2011”. Report by Beca Carter Hollings and Ferner Ltd (Beca) for the Department of Building and Housing (DBH). 51 pp.
NZS (1976). “NZS 4203: Code of Practice for General Structural Design and Design Loading for Buildings”. Standards Association of New Zealand, Wellington, NZ.
NZS (1970). “NZS 3101: Code of Practice for the Design of Concrete Structures, (Provisional)”. Standards Association of New Zealand, Wellington, NZ.
NZS (1982). “NZS 3101: Code of Practice for the Design of Concrete Structures”. Standards Association of New Zealand, Wellington, NZ.
Sezen H, Elwood KJ, Whittaker AS, Mosalam KM, Wallace JW and Stanton JF (2000). “Structural Engineering Reconnaissance of the August 17, 1999, Kocaeli (Izmit), Turkey, Earthquake”. Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center, PEER Report 2000/09, Berkeley, CA.
Sezen H and Moehle JP (2006). “Seismic tests of concrete columns with light transverse reinforcement”. ACI Structural Journal, 103(6):842-849. doi:10.14359/18236 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14359/18236
Elwood KJ and Moehle JP (2008). “Dynamic Shear and Axial-Load Failure of Reinforced Concrete Columns”. ASCE Journal of Structural Engineering, 134(7). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9445(2008)134:7(1189)
Henkhaus K, Pujol S and Ramirez J (2013). “Axial Failure of Reinforced Concrete Columns Damaged by Shear Reversals”. ASCE Journal of Structural Engineering. 139(7). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)ST.1943-541X.0000673
NZS (1995). “NZS 3101: Concrete structures standard, Volume 1 Code of Practice and Volume 2 Commentary”. Standards New Zealand, Wellington, NZ.
Henry RS, Dizhur D, Elwood KJ, Hare J and Brunsdon D (2017). “Damage to concrete buildings with precast floors during the 2016 Kaikoura earthquake”. Bulletin of the New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering, 50(2): 174-186. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5459/bnzsee.50.2.174-186
Henry RS, Parr M, Brooke N, Elwood K, Liu A and Bull D (2018). “Progress Towards Experimental Validation of Precast Floor Retrofit Solutions”. The Concrete NZ Conference, Claudelands, Hamilton, 11-13 October.
AS/NZS (2002). “AS/NZS 1170.0: Structural Design Actions – Part 0: General Principles”. Standards Australia/ Standards New Zealand.
Hare J, Bull D, Elwood K, Henry R and Brooke N (2018). “Precast Double Tee Support Systems- 10 Years On”. The Concrete NZ Conference, Claudelands, Hamilton, 11-13 October.
DBH (2007). “Hollow Core Floor Overview”. Report published by the Department of Building and Housing (DBH), Wellington, New Zealand, ISBN: 0-478-29792-0
Puranam A, Bueker F and Elwood KJ (2019). “Assessment of Reinforced Concrete Buildings with Hollow-core Floors”. Pacific Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Paper 0148, Auckland, NZ.
NZSEE, SESOC (2016). “Wellington City Council Targeted Building Assessment Programme: Engineering Guidelines for Targeted Damage Evaluation following the November 2016 Kaikoura Earthquakes”. New Zealand Society for Earthquake Engineering (NZSEE), and Structural Engineering Society (SESOC), Wellington, NZ. http://www.sesoc.org.nz/public_resources/Wellington-Targeted-Damage-Evaluation-Guidelines.pdf?285
NZ Productivity Commission (2017). “Better Urban Planning: Final Report”. ISBN: 978-0-478-39522-8 (online).
Bayleys (2016). “Departments to Apartments”. Retrieved from https://www.bayleys.co.nz/totalproperty/apartments
JLL (2016). “Wellington office market: change is the only constant”. Retrieved from http://www.jllapsites.com/nzproperty/wellington-office-market-change-constant/
Semmens S, Perrin ND and Dellow G (2010). “It’s Our Fault – geological and geotechnical characterisation of Wellington City”. GNS Science Consultancy Report 2010/176.
Copyright (c) 2019 Aishwarya Puranam, Olga Filippova, Jacob Pastor-Paz, Max Stephens, Kenneth J. Elwood, Najif Ismail, Ilan Noy, Eyitayo Opabula
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.