Nonlinear modelling and seismic behaviour of precast concrete structures with steel shear walls
A new structural system consisting of precast concrete frames and steel shear walls (SSW's) is introduced and studied numerically in this paper. Two different models, first using ''exact'' FEM and second using approximate equivalent strip model (ESM), are utilized for analysis of such a system with nonlinear static (pushover) procedure. In the FEM model use is made of shell elements while the ESM benefits from simple links that replace the wall panels in the model and are oriented such that they work in tension. Because of good agreement observed between the results of the models in smaller structures, for taller buildings only the ESM approach is followed where computationally applying the FEM approach is impractical. The lateral behaviour of the systems under consideration is investigated with regard to parameters such as number of stories and beam-column connection type. As a result, the ductility, overstrength and response modification factors are calculated for this new structural system as quantities required for their practical design.
Takahashi Y, Takemoto T and Takagi M (1973). “Experimental Study on Thin Steel Shear Walls and Particular Bracing under Alternative Horizontal Load”. Symposium on Resistance and Ultimate Deformability of Structures Acted on by Well-defined Repeated Loads, Lisbon, Portugal.
Mimura H and Akiyama H (1977). “Load-Deflection Relationship of Earthquake Resistant Steel Shear Walls with a Developed Diagonal Tension Field”. Transactions of AIJ, 260.
Timler PA and Kulak GL (1983). “Experimental Study of Steel Plate Shear Walls”. Structural Engineering Report University of Alberta, Canada, 114.
Thorburn LJ, Kulak GL and Montgomery CJ (1983). “Analysis of Steel Plate Shear Walls”. Engineering Report University of Alberta, Canada, 107.
Elgaaly M, Caccese V and Du C (1993). “Post-Buckling Behavior of Steel-Plate Shear under Cyclic Loads”. Journal of Structural Engineering, 119(2): 588-605. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9445(1993)119:2(588)
Elgaaly M (2000). “Post-Buckling Behavior of Thin Steel Plates Using Computational Models”. Advances in Engineering Software, 31(8): 511-517. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0965-9978(00)00037-5
Bruneau M and Bhagwagar T (2002). “Seismic Retrofit of Flexible Steel Frames Using Thin Infill Panels”. Engineering Structures, 24(4): 443-453. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0141-0296(01)00111-0
Berman JW and Bruneau M (2004). “Plastic Design and Testing of Light-Gauge Steel Plate Shear Walls”. 13th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Vancouver, Canada, Paper No 3323.
Behbahanifard MR, Grondin GY and Elwi AE (2004). “Analysis of Steel Plate Shear Walls Using Explicit Finite Element Method”. 13th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Vancouver, Canada, Paper No 2420.
Rezai M, Ventura CE and Prion H (2004). “Simplified and Detailed Finite Element Models of Steel Plate Shear Walls”. 13th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Vancouver, Canada, Paper No 2804.
Kharrazi MHK, Ventura CE, Prion HGL and Sabouri-Ghomi S (2004). “Bending and Shear Analysis and Design of Ductile Steel Plate Walls”. 13th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Vancouver, Canada, Paper No 77.
Berman JW, Celik OC and Bruneau M (2005). “Comparing Hysteretic Behavior of Light-Gauge Steel Plate Shear Walls and Braced Frames”. Engineering Structures, 27(3): 475-485. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2004.11.007
Sabouri-Ghomi S, Ventura C and Kharrazi M (2005). “Shear Analysis and Design of Ductile Steel Plate Walls”. Journal of Structural Engineering, 131(6): 878-889. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9445(2005)131:6(878)
Chen SJ and Jhang C (2006). “Cyclic Behavior of Low Yield Point Steel Shear Walls”. Thin-walled structures, 44(7): 730-738. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tws.2006.08.002
Tsai KC, Lin YC and Lin CH (2007). “Seismic Responses and Design of Steel Plate Shear Wall”. Progress in Steel Building Structures, 9(5): 19-25.
GUO Y, Dong Q and Zhou M (2009). “Tests and Analysis on Hysteretic Behavior of Buckling-Restrained Steel Plate Shear Wall”. Journal of Building Structures, 1: 31-9.
Berman JW (2011). “Seismic Behavior of Code Designed Steel Plate Shear Walls”. Engineering Structures, 33(1): 230-244. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2010.10.015
Kurata M, Leon RT, Des Roches R and Nakashima M (2012). “Steel Plate Shear Wall with Tension-Bracing for Seismic Rehabilitation of Steel Frames”. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 71: 92-103.
Sun GH, Gu Q, He RQ and Fang YZ (2013). “Analysis of Hysteretic Behavior of Thin Steel Plate Shear Wall Based on Equivalent Strip Model”. Journal of Architecture and Civil Engineering, 1: 008.
Wang M, Yang W, Shi Y and Xu J (2015). “Seismic Behaviours of Steel Plate Shear Wall Structures with Construction Details and Materials”. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 107: 194-210.
International Council of Building Officials (2006). “International Building Code”. Illinois.
Precast and Prestressed Concrete Institute (1992). “PCI Design Hand Book”. Chicago.
ANSYS Inc (2005). “Documentation for ANSYS Release 10.0”. United States.
Computer and Structures Inc (CSI) (2004). “SAP2000 Analysis References”. Berkeley, California.
ASCE41-6 (2007). “Seismic Rehabilitation of Existing Buildings”. American Society of Civil Engineers, Virginia.
Copyright (c) 2016 Farhad Behnamfar, Rafeek Artoonian, Mehdi Ghandil
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.